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How Is Champagne Made?

How Is Champagne Made step by step

How Is Champagne Made step by step


This Article Contains


Making Champagne (9 Stage Process)


  1. Harvesting And Crushing The Champagne Grapes
  2. Conducting The First Fermentation
  3. Blending The Base Wines
  4. Inducing The Second Fermentation
  5. Aging The` Wine In Cellars
  6. Riddling The Lees
  7. Disgorging The Lees
  8. Adding The Dosage
  9. Corking The Bottle



Popping a bottle of Bollinger’s is fun, but have you ever wondered, how this special Champagne is made?

While authentic Champagne can only be made in the Champagne region of France, the technology for making this sparkling wine is employed all over the world.

So, what are the steps in the production of Champagne?

In this post, we’ll learn everything there is to know about Champagne production, including pressing, fermentation, blending, ageing, riddling, disgorgement, and dosage addition.



what grape is champagne made from

The traditional method, also known as Méthode Traditionelle or Méthode Champenoise, is used to make champagne.

The Champagne technique is comprised of the following steps.:

Stage 1: Harvesting And Crushing The Champagne Grapes

How Is Champagne Made?,Harvesting And Crushing The Champagne Grapes

The grape types are harvested between August and October for Champagne production. Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and Pinot Meunier are the most popular Champagne grape variety.

The grapes are hand-picked and pressed in accordance with Champagne AOC requirements to produce clear grape juice (also known as Cuvee) for the base wine.

It is important to note the harvesting period. Grapes are harvested by hand between August and October, depending on how ripe the grapes are. Wineries, such as Champagne Roger Constant-Lemaire in Villers-sous-Châtillon, are not permitted to use machines to pick grapes.

N.B: The grapes must be harvested by hand to ensure that only the best and most ripe grapes are used to make Champagne.

After plucking the grapes, they are meticulously pressed to maintain the juice clean and white.

Stage 2: what conditions are required for fermentation

How Is Champagne Made?,what conditions are required for fermentation

The grape juice is fermented for several weeks at 64-68°F in temperature-controlled stainless steel tanks or oak barrels.

The natural sugar in the juice is chemically broken down during fermentation to produce an acidic still wine. Malolactic fermentation is also used by some Champagne producers to lower the acidity of the wine.

Step 3: Blending The Base Wines 

How Is Champagne Made?,Blending The Base Wines 

To make the base wine, the still wine is mixed with reserve wines.

This base wine is often constructed from a combination of the finest grape varietals from Champagne’s Grand Cru vineyards. This contains the grapes Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Blanc.


Here’s how a Champagne will be designated based on the grape varietals used:

Blanc de Noir: A white wine made entirely of black grapes (red grapes), such as Pinot Noir or Pinot Meunier.

Blanc de Blanc: Wines produced solely of Chardonnay grapes.

Rosé wine: A wine style made by macerating the clear juice of black grapes on their skins. In other cases, a tiny amount of Pinot noir red wine is added to the base wine.


The assembling begins in early spring, around 5 months after harvest.


Stage 4: Inducing The Second Fermentation


The base wine is placed into a Champagne bottle after blending and combined with yeast and sugar. The bottle is sealed and placed horizontally in a cool basement (55-60°F), where the mixture ferments further.

Alcohol and carbon dioxide are created during secondary fermentation.

Stage 5: Aging The Wine In Cellars

How Is Champagne Made?,Aging The Wine In Cellars

The wine is matured in the cellars after the second fermentation. Dead yeast cells (lees) are created during this process.

The Champagne is left on the lees for a few more years to grow and develop its distinct yeasty flavors.

Non-vintage Champagne must be aged on the lees for a minimum of 15 months, according to the Comité Champagne (trade association) and Champagne AOC rules. Meanwhile, vintage Champagne should be matured on the lees for at least three years.


Stage 6: Riddling The Lees



After maturing, the bubbly is placed in a 75-degree angle holder. Every day, the riddler rotates the bottle vertically slightly.

The racks’ angle is gradually raised until the Champagne wine bottle stands upside down. As a result, the lees settle in the neck of the bottle.


Stage 7: Disgorging The Lees


Disgorgement removes the dead yeast cells from the wine. During this process, the Champagne bottle’s neck is immersed in an ice-salt bath, which freezes the dead yeast cells.

After removing the cap, the pressure inside the bottle expels the dead yeast cells.

Stage 8: Adding The Dosage


A tiny amount of wine is lost during the disgorgement process. To compensate, within the bottle is a blend of white wine, brandy, and sugar. This changes the sweetness of the sparkling wine.

The amount of sugar added after disgorgement varies depending on the Champagne company. A bubbly sparkling wine can be classed as Brut Nature, Extra brut, Brut, Demi-Sec, or Doux depending on the dosage used.


Stage 9: Corking The Bottle

Aging The Wine In Cellars,How Is Champagne Made?

To keep the carbon dioxide pressure in check, the bottle is corked and locked with a wire cage.

The Champagne wine can then be matured in the bottle for a few weeks or several years, depending on the Champagne house and the wine style.


Best Whiskey Online Shop is a great place to buy exclusive Champagnes and other fine wines.

Every magnificent occasion necessitates a spectacular bottle of bubbly. However, it is always advisable to purchase your Dom Perignon or Veuve Clicquot Champagne from a reliable and user-friendly platform.


Visit the Best Whisky Website to purchase, store, and sell Champagne, Prosecco, Brut Champagne, vintage Champagne, vintage wines, and

Best Whiskey is a fantastic platform for investing in the world’s top wines made from Pinot Blanc, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Gris, Bollinger’s special, Veuve Fourny and fils, Billecart-Salmon Cuvee and other grape varieties.


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